Real History of International Women's Day

International Women's Day

International Women's Day (IWD), initially called International Working Women's Day, is celebrated on March 8 each year.

The earliest Women's Day observance was hung on February 28, 1909, in New York and organized by the Socialist Party of America. A Women's Day demonstration on March 8, 1917, in Petrograd sparked the Russian Revolution. Declared a national holiday in the Soviet Russia in 1917, it was overwhelmingly celebrated by the socialist development and communist countries until it was embraced in 1977 by the United Nations.

Real History of International Women's Day

History of International Women's Day


Clara Zetkin and Rosa Luxemburg in January 1910
The earliest organized Women's Day observance was Rendered February 28, 1909, in New York. It was sorted out by the Socialist Party of America in recognition of the 1908 walkout of the International Ladies Garment Worker's Union. There was no strike on March 8, despite later claims.

In August 1910, an International Women's Conference was organized to go before the general meeting of the Socialist Second International in Copenhagen, Denmark. Inspired to a limited extent by the American socialists, German Socialist Luise Zietz proposed the establishment of a yearly International Woman's Day (singular) and was seconded by kindred socialist and later communist pioneer Clara Zetkin, albeit no date was specified at that meeting. Delegates (100 women from 17 countries) concurred with the thought as a strategy to advance equivalent rights including suffrage for women. The next year on March 19, 1911, IWD was set apart surprisingly, by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. In the Austro-Hungarian Empire singly, there were 300 demonstrations. In Vienna, women paraded on the Ringstrasse and conveyed banners regarding the martyrs of the Paris Commune. Women requested that they are given the privilege to vote and to hold open office. They also protested against business sex discrimination. Americans kept on observing National Women's Day on the last Sunday in February.


Female members of the Australian Builders Laborers Federation walk on International Women's Day 1975 in Sydney

In 1913 Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Saturday in February (by Julian schedule then used in Russia).

In spite of the fact that there were some women-drove strikes, marches, and different protests in the years paving the way to 1914, none of them occurred on March 8.In 1914 International Women's Day was hung on March 8, possibly because that day was a Sunday, and now it is always hung on March 8 in all countries. The 1914 observance of the Day in Germany was devoted on women's right side to vote, which German women did not win until 1918.

In London, there was a walk from Bow to Trafalgar Square in support of women's suffrage on March 8, 1914. Sylvia Pankhurst was caughted before Charing Cross station on her approach to speak in Trafalgar Square.


In 1917 demonstrations checking International Women's Day in Saint Petersburg on the last Thursday in February (which fell on March 8 on the Gregorian logbook) started the February Revolution. Women in Saint Petersburg went on strike that day for "Bread and Peace" – requesting the finish of World War I, a conclusion to Russian nourishment shortages, and the finish of czarism. Leon Trotsky expressed, "23 February (eighth March) was International Woman's Day and meetings and actions were foreseen. Yet, we didn't envision that this 'Women's Day' would initiate the unrest. Progressive actions were foreseen however without a date. Be that as it may, in morning, despite the orders actually, material workers left their work in several factories and sent delegates to ask for support of the strike… which prompted to mass strike... all went out into the streets."

Taking after the October Revolution, the Bolshevik Alexandra Kollontai and Vladimir Lenin made it an official holiday in the Soviet Union, and it was established however was a working day until 1965. On May 8, 1965 by the announcement of the USSR Presidium of the Supreme Soviet International Women's Day was proclaimed a non-working day in the USSR "in remembrance of the outstanding merits of Soviet women in communistic construction, in the defense of their Fatherland amid the Great Patriotic War, in their heroism and selflessness at the front and in the back, and furthermore denoting the colossal commitment of women to strengthening friendship amongst peoples, and the struggle for peace. Yet at the same time, women's day must be celebrated as are different holidays."


From its official reception in Russia taking after the Soviet Revolution in 1917 the holiday was prevalently celebrated in communist and socialist countries. It was praised by the communists in China from 1922, and by Spanish communists from 1936. After the establishing of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949, the state chamber broadcasted on December 23 that March 8 would be made an official holiday with women in China given a half-day off.


In the West, International Women's Day was first observed as a well known occasion after 1977 when the United Nations General Assembly welcomed part states to announce March 8 as the UN Day for women's rights and world peace.


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